Drugs of Abuse

DRCNet Response to the
Drug Enforcement Administration

Controlled Substances
Uses and Effects

Drug:: Barbiturates
Classification:: Depressant
CSA Schedule: Schedule II, III, IV
Trade or Other Names: Amytal; Florinal; Nembutal; Seconal; Tuinal; Phenobarbital; Pentobarbital
Medical Uses: Anesthetic; Anti-convulsant; Sedative; Hypnotic; Veterinary euthanasia agent
Physical Dependence: High-Moderate
Psychological Dependence: High-Moderate
Tolerance: Yes
Duration (hours): 5-8
Usual Method: Oral; Injected
Possible Effects: Slurred speech; Disorientation; Drunken behavior without odor of alcohol
Effects of Overdose: Shallow respiration; Clammy skin; Dilated pupils; Weak and rapid pulse; Coma; Possible death
Withdrawal Syndrome: Anxiety; Insomnia; Tremors; Delirium; Convulsions; Possible death

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