Drugs of Abuse

DRCNet Response to the
Drug Enforcement Administration

Controlled Substances
Uses and Effects

Drug:: Benzodiazepines
Classification:: Depressant
CSA Schedule: Schedule IV
Trade or Other Names: Ativan; Dalmane; Diazepam; Librium; Xanax; Serax; Valium; Tranxene; Verstran; Versed; Halcion; Paxpam; Restoril
Medical Uses: Anti-anxiety; Sedative; Anti-convulsant; Hypnotic
Physical Dependence: Low
Psychological Dependence: Low
Tolerance: Yes
Duration (hours): 4-8
Usual Method: Oral; Injected
Possible Effects: Slurred speech; Disorientation; Drunken behavior without odor of alcohol
Effects of Overdose: Shallow respiration; Clammy skin; Dilated pupils; Weak and rapid pulse; Coma; Possible death
Withdrawal Syndrome: Anxiety; Insomnia; Tremors; Delirium; Convulsions; Possible death

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