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Historical References
Marijuana, the First 12,000 Years

Marijuana - The First Twelve Thousand Years


1. Quoted in D. Ebin (ed.), The Drug Experience (New York: Grove Press, 1961), p. 41.

2. B. Taylor, A Journey to Central Africa (New York: G. P. Putman, 1854); id., The Land of the Saracens; or, Pictures of Palestine, Asia Minor, Sicily and Spain (New York: G. P. Putman & Sons, 1855).

3. Taylor, Land of Saracens, p. 161.

4. F. H. Ludlow, The Hasheesh Eater: Being Passages from the Life of a Pythagorean, (New York: Harper & Bros., 1957).

5. Ibid., p. 17.

6. Ibid., p. 46.

7. Ibid., p. 72-3.

8. L. Grinspoon, Marijuana Reconsidered (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1971), p. 96.

9. Ibid., p. 66.

10. Ibid., p. 122-3.

11. Ibid., p. 104.

12. Cited by L. J. Bragman, "Weed of Insanity", Medical Journal and Record 122 (1925): 418.

13. J. Bell, "On the Haschish or Cannabis Indica", Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 56 (1857): 209-16.

14 . Quoted in A. Hechtlinger, The Great Patent Medicine Era (New York: Grosset & Dunlop, 1970), pp. 164-5.

15. M. C. Cooke, The Seven Sisters of Sleep (London, 1860), cited in T. Kupferberg, ed., Birth Book 1, no. 3 (1960): 50.

16. Scientific American 21 (1869): 183.

17. L. M. Alcott, "Perilous Play", 1869, reprinted in A. C. Kimmens (ed.) Tales of Hashish (New York: Wm. Morrow, 1977), p. 228.

18. T. B. Aldrich, The Poems of Thomas Bailey Aldrich (New York: Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 1882), p. 36.

19. This drawing was reproduced in the New York Times Magazine, Dec 13, 1970), p. 26.

20. "A Hashish House in New York, The Curious Adventures of an Individual Who Indulged in a Few Pipefuls of the Narcotic Hemp", Harper's New Monthly Magazine 67 (1883): 944-9.

21. G. W. Grover, Shadows Lifted or Sunshine Restored in the Horizon of Human Lives: A Treatise on the Morphine, Opium, Cocaine, Chloral and Hashish Habit (Cited in T. Kupferberg, Birth Book 1, no 3 (1960): 48.

22. R. H. True and G. F. Klugh, "American Grown Cannabis Indica", Proceedings of the American Pharmaceutical Association 67 (1883): 944-9.

23. T. F. Allen, ed., The Encyclopedia of Pure Materia Medica (New York: Boericke and Tafel, 1875), p. 448.

24. G. H. Jahr, New Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia and Posology or the Preparation of Homeopathic Medicines (Philadelphia: J. Dobson, 1842), p. 137.

25. J. Pereira, The Elements of Materia Medica and Therapeutics (Philadelphia: Lea and Blanchard, 1843).

26. A. Brigham, "Review of Moreau de Tours, J: 'Du Hachisch et de l'Alienation Mentale'", American Journal of Insanity 2 (1846): 275-81.

27. G. B. Wood and F. Bache, The Dispensatory of the United States (Philadelphia: Lippincott, Brambo & Co., 1854), p. 339.

28. J. P. Gray, "On the Use of Cannabis Indica in the Treatment of Insanity." American Journal of Insanity 16 (1860): 80-9.

29. V. Robinson, "An Essay on Hasheesh", Medical Review of Reviews 18 (1912): 159-69.

30. M. Sassman, "Cannabis Indica in Pharmaceuticals", Journal of the Medical Society of New Jersey 35 (1938): 51-2. At least thirty different pharmaceutical preparations contained cannabis. Among the companies manufacturing these over-the-counter remedies were Parke Davis (Casadein, Colic Mixture, Veterinary, Utroval), Eli Lilly (Dr. Brown Sedative Tablets, Syrup Tolu Mixture, Syrup Lobelia) and Squibb (Corn Collodium). Cannabis was finally removed from the US Pharmacopoeia and National Formulary in 1941.

31. M. A. Aldrich, "Marijuana", The Dope Chronicles, ed. G. Silver (New York: Harper and Row, 1979), p. 255.

32. Quoted in J. A. Popplestone and M. W. McPherson, "A Historical Note on Cannabis", Catalogue of Selected Documents on Psychology 4 (1974): 7.