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References on Drugs and Driving

Drugs and Driving Impairment by Arthur J. McBay

Marijuana And Actual Driving Performance - U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT HS 808 078), Final Report, November 1993

Marijuana, Alcohol and Actual Driving Performance - U.S. Department of Transportation, National Traffic Safety Administration, DOT HS 808 939, 
July 1999

Cannabis and Road Safety: An Outline of the Research Studies to Examine the Effects of Cannabis on Driving Skills and Actual Driving Performance -   Dr G.B. Chesher Department of Pharmacology University of Sydney and National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre University of New South Wales.

JE Hall
Alcohol and Other Drug Use in Commercial Transportation

HWJ Robbe
Marijuana's Effects on Actual Driving Performance

BM Sweedler
Strategies for Dealing with the Persistent Drinking Driver

PF Waller
Transportation and Society - The Role of Values


C Mercier-Guyon, CY Gerbaulet, P Arvers, L Giraud, M Retornaz
Interest of a BAC Simulator in Educational Programs

RA Preece
The Promotion and Use of Public Breath Testing Devices

JP Assailly
Self-Estimates and Objective Measurement of BRAC in Young French Drivers: A Field Study and its Preventive Aspects


HJ Magerl, E Schulz
Methods of Saliva Analysis and the Relationship between Saliva and Blood Concentration

MW Perrine, LS Lester, JS Searles, JC Mundt, JL Ferguson
Drink/Driving, Daily Self-reported Drinking, and Analysis of Alcohols in Saliva Sampled Daily

HP Krüger, E Schulz, HJ Magerl
The German Roadside Survey 1992-1994. Saliva Analyses from an Unselected Driver Population: Licit and Illicit Drugs

R Iffland, G Berghaus
Experiences with Volatile Alcoholism Indicators (Methanol, Acetone, Isopropanol) in DWI Car Drivers


RE Mann, RG Smart, L Anglin
Factors Influencing Aggregate Indicators of Drinking-Driving in the United States

GW Mercer, WK Jeffery
Fatal Traffic Accident Patterns and Driver Impairment in British Columbia

J Perl, DJ Mascord, AF Moynham, GA Starmer
Drug Usage by Persons Suspected of Driving Under the Influence of a Drug

A Penttilä, J Pikkarainen, H Seppä
Drunken Driving: A Risk Factor for Premature Death

J Gibson, DJ Mascord, GA Starmer
The Effects of Caffeine on the Development of Fatigue in a Prolonged Driving-Related Task


PM Williams
Analytical and Physiological Specificity Issues in Breath Alcohol Analysis

EA Hak
The Effect of Volatile Substances on the Intoxilyzer 5000C Breathtesting Instrument

CM Bell, HJ Flack
Examining Variables Associated with Sampling for Breath Alcohol Analysis

RJ Breakspere, PM Williams
Breath Alcohol Instrumentation: A Proposal in Commercial Taxonomy

AF Moynham, J Perl, SG Anderson, SR Jennings, GA Starmer
Evidential Breath Analysis in New South Wales: An Exercise in Pragmatism

G Schoknecht, B Stock
The Technical Concept for Evidential Breath Testing in Germany


AJ McKnight, EA Langston, AS McKnight, JE Lange
The Bases of Decisions Leading to Alcohol Impaired Driving

K Stewart, A Cohen, E Taylor, C Solé
Values and Motivations of Young Drivers: Key Components of Impaired Driving Countermeasures

DBE Span
Research on Knowledge, Attitudes and Reported Behaviour on Drink-Driving in New South Wales

SL Brown
Associations Between Peer Attitudes and Behaviour, Random Breath Testing Experience and Drink Driving in a Population-Representative Sample of South Australians


RB Voas, P Roeper, P Gruenewald
Continuous, Long Term Roadside Surveys to Evaluate Community Safety Programs

HP Krüger, JA Reiß, T Hilsenbeck, J Kazenwadel, M Vollrath, W Krause
The German Roadside Survey 1992-1994: Aims, Methods, and Results

DJ Beirness, DR Mayhew, HM Simpson, DE Stewart
Roadside Surveys in Canada: 1974-1993

MW Perrine, AR Meyers, J Yu
Roadside BAC, Alcohol Use, and Driver Record

RD Foss, DJ Beirness, JK Wells, AS Williams
Roadside Surveys in Conjunction with Sobriety Checkpoints


B Brown, A Russell
MADD and Traffic Safety: Grassroots Success

J Moulden, A Russell
Rating the States: An Activist Approach to DUI Prevention


JA Reiß, HP Krüger
Accident Risk Modified by Passengers

HP Krüger, J Kazenwadel, M Vollrath
Grand Rapids Effects Revisited: Accidents, Alcohol and Risk

WF Wieczorek
DWI Offenders and Alcohol-Related Crashes


AF Williams, BM Sweedler
The Case for and Strategies to Implement Graduated Licensing in the United States

BM Sweedler, KE Quinlan
The National Transportation Safety Board's Proposals for Reducing Youth Highway Crashes - Two Years of Progress

NL Haworth, L Bowland, W Foddy
Alcohol Restrictions for Novice Drivers


SC Lapham, BJ Skipper, I-Y Chang, K Barton, R Kennedy
Analysis of Drinking Versus Arrest Locations for DWI Offenders Arrested in Bernalillo County, N.M.

G Stoduto, RE Mann, L Anglin, B Pavic, F Fallon, R Lauzon
Profile of Adolescent Drinking Drivers

LR Sutton
Differences and Similarities in Profiles of Women Who Present for Addictions Treatment or following a DUI


H Laurell
Relicensing Pre-Examination for Drinking Problems: The Swedish Experience

AB Clayton
Regranting Licences - Experience in Britain

WR Nickel, G Berghaus, B Friedel
Regranting of Drivers' Licences in Germany: Individual Differentiation vs Formalism


G Berghaus, B-L Guo
Medicines and Driver Fitness - Findings from a Metaanalysis of Experimental Studies as Basic Information to Patients, Physicians and Experts

T Asoh, M Uchiumi, M Murasaki
The Effects of Tandospirone and Diazepam on Actual Driving Performance

B Friedel, G Berghaus
Methadone and Driving

G Chesher, J Lemon, M Gomel, G Murphy
Are the Driving-Related Skills of Clients in a Methadone Maintenance Programme Affected by Methadone?

M Ohtsuji, T Ohshima, T Takayasu, J Nishigami, T Kondo, Z Lin, T Minamino
Screening of Antihistamine Agents (Diphenhydramine) with Blood and Urine Samples by REMEDi-HS® System


JC Fell
What's New in Alcohol, Drugs and Traffic Safety in the U.S.

RB Voas, DS Timken
Does Low Alcohol Beer Reduce High Risk Drinking?

G Kroj
Recent Developments in Preventing Drinking and Driving in Germany

AF Williams, JK Wells, RD Foss
The North Carolina Governor's Highway Safety Initiative: Initial Results from "Booze It and Lose It"

A Randall
Reduction in Drink Driving in Victoria


D Johnson, J Fell
The Impact of Lowering the Illegal BAC Limit to .08 in Five States in the U.S.

L Åberg
Long Time Effects of a Lowered Blood Alcohol Limit in Sweden

AJ McLean, CN Kloeden, RA McColl, R Laslett
Reduction in the Legal Blood Alcohol Limit from 0.08 to 0.05: Effects on Drink Driving and Alcohol-Related Crashes in Adelaide

E Vingilis, B Fischer
The Effect of German Unification on Alcohol-Related Traffic Crashes

HP Krüger
Differential Effects of Deterrence - What Can be Learned from Raising a BAC Limit


G Sticht, H Käferstein
Pharmacokinetic Evaluation of Published Studies on Controlled Smoking of Marijuana

G Berghaus, N Scheer, P Schmidt
Effects of Cannabis on Psychomotor Skills and Driving Performance - a Metaanalysis of Experimental Studies

HP Krüger, G Berghaus
Behavioral Effects of Alcohol and Cannabis: Can Equipotencies be Established?

M Rudler
Ecstasy: A Drug in Expansion with Multiple Risks

B Friedel
Legal Limits for the Assessment of Illegal Drug Use with Regard to Driving in the Federal Republic of Germany

OH Drummer
Drugs and Accident Risk in Fatally-Injured Drivers

M Burns
A Cocaine Experiment: Time-of-Day and Hangover Effects


M Burns, EV Adler
Study of a Drug Recognition Expert (DRE) Program

B Butler
Employee Opinion: Workplace Alcohol and Other Drug Use

TH Nochajski, BA Miller, DK Augustino, RJ Kramer
Use of Non-Obvious Indicators for Screening of DWI Offenders

RS Kennedy, JJ Turnage, WP Dunlap, JM Drexler
Calibration of a Portable, Automated, Posture Assessment System Using Graded Blood Alcohol Levels: Comparison With the Standardized Field Sobriety and Cognitive Tests

B Butler
Employee Drug Testing in Canada: Motor Carrier Industry

T Kuitunen, T Seppälä, MJ Mattila, J Pikkarainen
The Finnish Clinical Test for Drunkenness in Evaluating the Effects of Drugs on Driving Fitness

PJ Hopfensperger
Automating Drink/Drive Procedures to Reduce Police Time and Eliminate Errors

TC Gilfillan
Performance Comparison of the Intoxilyser 5000 with Blood Tests - A South African Study

H Käferstein
Quantitative Determination of Drugs in Blood


BM Sweedler
The Worldwide Decline in Drinking And Driving

AF Moynham, J Perl, SG Anderson, SR Jennings, GA Starmer
New South Wales Road Fatalities and Legislation on Alcohol, Drugs and Driving since 1950

MC Jayet
Drinking-Driving Law Enforcement in France from 1973 to 1993: Backgrounds, Trends and Evolution

HM Simpson, DR Mayhew, DJ Beirness
The Decline in Drinking-Driving Fatalities in Canada: A Decade of Progress Comes to an End?

G Kroj, B Friedel
Alcohol-Related Road Accidents in the Federal Republic of Germany - Status till 1993

KG Stewart, RB Voas, J Fell
The Nature of and Reasons for the Decline in Drinking and Driving in the United States: An Update

AB Clayton
Drinking and Driving in Great Britain: Which Way Forward?

MB Biecheler-Fretel, H Fontaine
Drinking and Driving in France: Recent Legal Changes and Main Trends During the Years 1988-1993

MPM Mathijssen
Effect of Dutch Police Reorganisation on Drink Driving


DBE Span, D Saffron
The Development of Drink-Driving Mass Media Advertising: The Role of Research

BJ Elliott
Marketing's Potential for Traffic Safety: Under or Over Stated?

MR Ledru
The Struggle Against Alcoholemia in France: the Campaign of Summer 1994 "Do not let alcohol take the wheel"

MR Ledru
Road Safety Communication on Alcohol in the European Union: Presentation of European Televised Spot Ads


DJ Beirness, DR Mayhew, HM Simpson
Criminal and Administrative Procedures for Dealing with DWI Offenders in Canada

RC Denney
Factors Affecting Non-Prosecution of Over the Limit Motorists in Great Britain

DR Mayhew, DJ Beirness, HM Simpson
Impact of the 1985 Amendments to the Drinking Driving Section of the Criminal Code of Canada

RT Kennedy
Breath Alcohol Testing and Daubert Criteria: The Jurisprudence of Science in DWI Cases


J Pikkarainen, A Penttilä, H Seppä
Recidivism of Drunken Driving in Finland 1972-1994

J Hedlund, JC Fell
Repeat Offenders and Persistent Drinking Drivers in the U.S.

JPM Bailey
Hard Core Offenders among Drinking Drivers in Fatal Accidents

HL Ross, S Simon, J Cleary
License Plate Impoundment for Multiple Offender Drunk Drivers

K Stewart, R Voas, E Taylor
The Implementation of an Immobilization Sanction for Impaired Driving Offenders


MW van Laar, ER Volkerts
Cognitive and Driving Performance Effects of Nefazodone and Imipramine in Healthy Volunteers

EJD Ogden, I Cairns, E Curry
Impairment of Learning by Low Dose Alcohol

T Gilg, J Deinl, H Grundner, L vMeyer, W Eisenmenger
Carbohydrate-Deficient Transferrin (CDT) during 2 to 3 weeks of Alcohol Misuse in Men and Women and its Significance in View of Cut-Off Levels

R Giorgetti, S Zancaner, G Brusini, F Castagna, F Fenato, A Rossi, SD Ferrara
Low Blood Alcohol Concentrations and Psychomotor Performance in Tolerating and Non-Tolerating Subjects


G Berghaus
ICADTS Working Group: "Standardization and Harmonization of Methodology of Experimental Studies on Drugs and Driver Fitness" - Necessity, Structure of the Problem Area, Goals

JJ de Gier, A Vermeeren
Methodological Guidelines for Experimental Research on Medicinal Drugs Affecting Driving Performance: What Happened after Padua and Cologne?

SD Ferrara
Toxicological Assay in Experimental Studies on Drugs and Driver Fitness

RS Kennedy, JJ Turnage, DS Lanham
Criteria for Evaluating Tests Intended to Assess Driver Fitness

C Mercier-Guyon
Standardization of Administrative Rules in the Marketing of Psychotropic Drugs: Results of the French Workgroup Preparing a Proposition of Law


DW Collier, FJE Comeau, IR Marples
Experience in Alberta with Highly Sophisticated Anti-Circumvention Features in a Fuel Cell Based Ignition Interlock

PR Marques, RB Voas, E Taylor
Health and Social Service Coordination Adjuncts to the Alberta Alcohol Interlock Program: Research in Progress

F Goldberg
Electronic Driving Licences: Key to a New Traffic Safety System

EG Ivey, C Lightner
Bio-Technology System Applicable to all Transportation Situations


K Stewart
Report of the ICADTS Working Group on Alcohol-Involved Pedestrians

OT Holubowycz
Alcohol-Involved Pedestrians: The Australian Experience


WO Odero, AB Zwi
Alcohol-Related Traffic Injuries and Fatalities in Developing Countries: A Critical Review of Literature

VS Batra, RB Lal Bedi
Effect of Drunken Driving on Traffic Safety

GA Ryan
Alcohol and Road Traffic Crashes in the Western Pacific Region


DJ Beirness, DR Mayhew, HM Simpson, J Lefebvre
Alcohol-Involved Motor Vehicle Fatalities in Ontario

A Elgarov
Road Crashes and Alcohol Abusage in Kabardino-Balkaria

Gh Scripcaru, V Astarastoae, V Constantinescu, LV Constantin
Anomie and Traffic Alcoholism: Establishments and Prospects

WK Jeffery, JM Leslie, GW Mercer
Drug and Alcohol Concentrations of Drivers Involved in Fatal Motor Vehicle Accidents in British Columbia, Canada: A One Year Study

PF Waller, FC Blow, RF Maio, EM Hill, K Singer, N Schaefer
Crash Characteristics and Injuries of Drivers Impaired by Alcohol/Drugs

MC Jayet
Drinking-Driving and Speeding Profiles from the Police Reports

AS Christophersen, KM Beylich, A Bjørneboe, S Fosser, A Glad, J Mørland
Prevalence of Alcohol and Drugs in Blood Samples from Norwegian Drivers Involved in Road Traffic Accidents

S Zancaner, R Giorgetti, F Fenato, A Rossi, L Tedeschi, R Snenghi, G Frison, M Montisci, F Tagliaro, M Meroni, G Giron, M Marigo, SD Ferrara
Psychoactive Substances and Driving Disability: Epidemiological Roadside Survey in North-East Italy

J Mørland, K-M Beylich, A Bjørneboe, AS Christophersen
Driving Under the Influence of Drugs: An Increasing Problem


G Botes
Corrective Supervision Sentence for Traffic Offenders - An Evaluative Perspective

P Marshall
Drug of Choice and Driving: Drink Drive Programs in Victorian Prisons

W Michiels, TT Nguyen Thy
DWI: Treatment or Rehabilitation

M Sheehan, J Davey, C Schonfeld
Drink Driving Rehabilitation as the Stimulus for Change in a Rural Community

TH Nochajski, JA Bell, DK Augustino
Impact of Treatment on DWI Offenders: A 10 year Follow-up

RE Mann, L Anglin, S Rahman, LA Blessing, ER Vingilis, E Larkin
Does Treatment for Substance Abuse Improve Driving Safety? A Preliminary Evaluation


M Moloney
Random Breath Testing in the State of Victoria, Australia

J Törnros
Effects of a Random Breath Testing Campaign in Southern Sweden

JPM Bailey
An Evaluation of Compulsory Breath Testing in New Zealand

DBE Span, H Stanislaw
Evaluation of the Long Term Impact of a Deterrence-Based Random Breath Testing Program in New South Wales

JH Lacey, RK Jones, JC Fell
A Comparison of Blitz versus Continuous Statewide Checkpoints as a Deterrent to Impaired Driving

R Homel, P McKay, J Henstridge
The Impact on Accidents of Random Breath Testing in New South Wales: 1982-1992


M Burns
Oculomotor and Pupil Tests to Identify Alcohol Impairment

T Fukuda, T Kocha, E Otsuka
Relationship Between Drinking Patterns of College Students and Their Residence

M Varga, L Buris
First Steps in Integrating Teaching about Alcohol into the Medical Curriculum

B Timney, P Pearson
Spatiotemporal Contrast Sensitivity after Acute Alcohol Ingestion

DJ Beirness, DR Mayhew, HM Simpson
Alcohol Involvement in Snowmobile Fatalities in Canada

A Conti, F De Ferrari, CA Romano
Study of the Psychological Profile of a Sample of Italian Drivers

JS Oliver
Drugs and Driving - The Scottish Scene

V Gambaro, R Froldi, E Saligari, L Dell'Acqua, M Bernini
Blood and Urine Determination of Drugs: An Application to the Control of the Presence of Illegal Substances in Drivers

BH Connor
Armidale Community Alcohol Strategy

MJ Smythe
Alcohol, Drugs and Driving - A Federal Perspective

G Stojiljkovic, D Draskovic, M Simic, B Budakov
Blood Alcohol Concentration of Road-Users

M Bernini, A Conti, F De Ferrari, M Fornaciari, E Saligari
Alcohol, Drugs and Fatal Accidents in Brescia and the Italian Highway Code Regulations

D Moore, JA Ford, L Li
The Prevalence of Disabilities Among Impaired Drivers

AR Gainsford, BJ Cameron, AR Stowell
Alcohol and New Zealand Drivers: An Overview of the Devices Used and the Results of Evidential Breath Alcohol Testing

CM Bell
What About the Humble Mouthpiece? Breath Sample Modification and Implications for Breath Alcohol Analysis

CM Bell, HJ Flack
Development of a System for Real-Time Breath Alcohol Analysis

M Ruby
Juvenile DWI Offenders in Austria